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Gordon Pirie




Gordon Pirie’s serious running career began when, as a 17-year-old, he witnessed Zatopek’s 1948 Olympic performances:  “My imagination was set on fire and my consuming ambition was born. I instantly recognized him as the embodiment of an ideal for myself as he scorched through the 10,000 field. From that day he has never ceased to be my greatest inspiration and challenge and my firm friend.” (Pirie, Running Wild, p.16) Not endowed with great natural ability, Pirie achieved success through following Zatopek’s example:  “He burst through a mental and physical barrier. He showed runners that what they had been content with up to then was nothing to what could be achieved.” (RW, p.16) 

Puff-Puff Pirie.

Although Pirie came across to many people as having no interest but running, he was in fact well rounded and well-read. Not fortunate enough to get to university, he harbored some class resentment towards Oxford runners like Bannister and Chataway. His father came from a social class that at the time never considered a university education. But his father was a runner who covered ten miles a day, a considerable amount for those days. It was his father who started Pirie’s interest in running.

Early Development

Over the four years following his seeing Zatopek at the Olympics, while he worked as a bank clerk and did his two years’ National Service, Pirie gradually built up his training load to a level close to Zatopek’s. But he hadn’t followed the Czech’s schedules: “I adopted his attitude and ideas, and satisfied myself that his method of long, hard and frequent training was right for me.” (RW, p.18) Such hard self-coached training, Pirie qualified for the Helsinki Olympics at 21. 

In this four-year period between Olympic Games, his times had improved to the following: 28:55 for Six Miles, 13:44 for Three Miles, and 3:57/4:14 for 1,500/Mile. At Helsinki he ran 30:04.2 for 10,000 and 14:18 for 5,000, both just outside his equivalent non-metric PBs. These times were especially impressive because he ran both races to win, not just to record a good time. He stayed with the leaders of the 10,000 for 6,500m, going into the lead for a short period before being dropped and finishing seventh. In the 5,000 final, he took the lead as planned with three laps to go, but as in the 10,000 his lead was short-lived; when he was passed, he fell back to finish 4th. These were fine performances for an inexperienced 21-year-old; it was clear that Pirie had arrived on the international scene. 

Pirie leads Reiff and Mimoun.


Immediately after the Games Pirie met the German coach Woldemar Gerschler (See Profile) for the first time, a meeting that would have a huge influence on his career. At the Helsinki airport, Pirie overheard Gerschler talking to Oxford runners Bannister, Brasher and Chataway. He heard how Gerschler had trained the surprise 1,500 winner Barthel. “I had a quiet talk with him,” Pirie wrote in his autobiography, “and from that day he was my adviser and coach.” (RW, p.95) They kept in touch by monthly letters. It took Pirie a year to save up enough money to visit Gerschler in Freiburg, Germany.

From that day in 1952, Pirie followed Gerschler’s advice faithfully. He would visit the coach in Freiburg whenever he could. “Gerschler was the first man who ever suggested that I could do more than I was trying to do,” he wrote. “[He] took over the enormous responsibility for training which I had borne so far.”(RW, p.19) Gerschler never told Pirie how to race, just how to produce “the maximum effort.” Pirie often stressed that enjoyment of training is essential: “To avoid boredom and staleness in training, I have always consciously developed the sheer enjoyment of rhythm, speed, excitement and achievement on the track, no matter how many times I do the same thing.” (RW, p.27) Pirie believed in training on the track—where he would race. His dedication and heavy work loads were often derided. Throughout his career charges of overtraining were leveled at him whenever he failed to meet expectations. 

In England colours at the White City.

Banner Season

Under Gerschler’s guidance,  Pirie performed brilliantly in 1953, with two WRs and ten British Records. He reduced his Six-Mile time from 28:55 to 28:19.4, his Three-Mile time to 13:36 (14:02 for 5,000) and his Mile to 4:06.8 (3:52 for 1,500). Second in the 10,000 world rankings and fourth in the 5,000, he was now at the top. At the end of the 1953 season he finally managed a visit to Freiburg for a meeting with Gerschler and Herbert Reindell, a heart specialist. He was tested for two days and told he had the strongest heart they had ever encountered. On the third day he was tested on the running track throughout a session of 25x200 in 28 seconds.  An electrocardiograph was set up trackside and after every five intervals he lay on a stretcher and had his heart monitored. All the testing enabled Gerschler to devise the best training schedule for Pirie.


Over the next winter Pirie trained hard and changed jobs, becoming a rep for a paint company. Sadly, Pirie’s track season turned into a disaster. A foot injury in May interrupted his training, and then he cracked a foot bone in a race. Pirie claimed this injury cost him “at least two or three years’ progress” in his running career. The season was virtually a write-off, though he did run some reasonable times on the track in October and November. 

After winning the 1955 National cross-country title, Pirie was close to his Six-Mile PB as early as April with 28:21.4. In June he worked on his speed with 1:53 in the 800 and a 4:06 mile. But this promising start did not lead to great things. He did improve his Three-Mile time to 13:29, but he passed out from dehydration with a lap to go in the AAA Six Miles.  Later in the season he lost to Kuts over 10,000 and to Zatopek over the same distance. The season ended on a better note when he ran a British Record for 10,000 in 29:19, but this was only equivalent to his Six Miles WR two years earlier. Overall, 1955 must have been a disappointment to him. He made matters worse by running a two-hour track race in late October. After this race, he wasn’t able to run again until the following February.

World Records

Using a special weight program to rehabilitate and strengthen his legs, he cut down on his racing in the early 1956 season. Four races over One Mile and 1,500 sharpened him, and he ran a 4:03.6 PB Mile. Then, in 5,000 race, a world record came out of the blue. He went to Bergen to race European 5,000 champion Kuts. The Russian refused to let Pirie lead. They stayed deadlocked until the last lap when Pirie sprinted the back straight and left Kuts so far behind that he was able to ease up in the last 100, unaware that he was inside the world record. His time was 13:36.8, almost four seconds inside the previous best by Iharos. Three days later, Pirie had another close battle, this time over 3,000 with Jerzy Chromik of Poland. This brought him another world record with 7:55.6, equaling the world record of Iharos. 

But the best was yet to come. Pirie went to Malmo in July to race three Hungarian WR holders—Iharos, Rozsavolgyi and Tabori--over 3,000.  He won this race in a new world record of 7:52.8, with a last lap under 55. It was now less than three months to the Melbourne Olympics; Pirie must have felt really confident. However, Kuts’s stunning 10,000 WR of 28:30.4 in September must have dented that confidence somewhat.

Desperately Hanging on to Kuts
in the 1956 Olympic 10,000.

Melbourne 10,000

On November 23, Pirie and Kuts lined up for the 10,000, one of the most famous races of all-time. (See Great Races #11) Such was their rivalry that they raced each other without a thought for the rest of the field. It was an epic struggle in which for once the front runner broke the chaser. Pirie, with greater speed, used the correct tactics of staying close behind Kuts, but he wasn’t quite strong enough to withstand his rival’s repeated bursts. Just when the Russian thought he had failed to break Pirie, he suddenly found himself alone. Pirie, totally exhausted, dropped to 8th at the finish. With his superior track speed, Pirie should have had a better chance against Kuts in the 5,000, but Chataway let Kuts open up a gap at the front, and Pirie was unable to re-establish contact. The fact that Kuts won from Pirie by eleven seconds suggests that Kuts would still have won even if that crucial gap had not been allowed to open. 

Waning Powers

These two defeats by Kuts broke something in Pirie; he was never quite the same again. After a long break, he coasted through the 1957 track season, running a lot of shorter distances and reducing his Mile time to 4:00.9. He ranked only 10th in the world for 5,000 with 13:58.6, 22 seconds below his best. The 1958 season was better but still mediocre, although he did rank #1 for the 5,000, with a “slowish” time of 13:51.6. He ran in the Cardiff Empire Games, finishing fourth in both the Mile and the Three Miles. And he finished third in the European 5,000 in 14:00.6. But it was clear that he was no longer the dominating runner he had been in the summer of 1956. 

It looked like Pirie’s career was winding down. In 1959 he could run no faster than 14:29 for 5,000 and 8:08 for 3,000. However a 13:25 Three-Mile victory at the end of September showed he could still win races. His good form carried over into the Olympic year. He won the 3,000 in the British Games in 7:57 and won the AAA Six Miles in the good time of 28:09.6. A 5,000 victory in 13:51.6 just before the Rome Olympics augured well, but the heat of Rome in August was too much for him. He couldn’t even qualify for the 5,000 final and was tenth in the 10,000 in 29:15.6. His 10,000 time was a personal best, but his tenth place showed that the world leaders had overtaken the 29-year-old; he was over half a lap behind the first three. One recompense was that he broke the four-minute mile in Dublin after the Games—by a whisker in 3:59.9. 


Lasty Gasp as a Professional

He wasn’t quite done yet. On July 22, 1961, Pirie, now 30, ran a British Three Mile record of 13:16.4. It was about ten seconds slower than his 5,000 WR, but it was an indication that he was still near the top.

Pirie's book that was 
 published in 1961.

Then he became involved in an allegation that he had received money in Scandinavia. He refused to meet the British board and was dropped from a National team.  However, he was allowed to run against the USSR late in the season. This was Pirie’s swansong—a spirited 5,000 victory with a 56.7 last lap. After this he turned professional, in an attempt to reap something from his years of hard work.  He ran in front of football crowds, and even went to Spain to run 10,000 on the sandy surface inside a bull ring in Barcelona (he lost to two Spanish runners each running 5,000.). In December his victorious last race against Russia was deemed ineligible because of  a newspaper article in which he had stated that he had received money in Scandinavia. It was a sad ending to a brilliant career. But he did find one way to exploit his running competitively—orienteering.  He became very successful at this Scandinavian sport, winning national titles in 1967 and 1968. Over the next 20 years he scratched out a living coaching. Sadly, he was a bankrupt living on social assistance when he died of cancer in 1991. 



Pirie’s personality was an essential ingredient for his success.  He always spoke his mind and was often involved in controversies. “No track and field athlete in Britain—indeed, no sportsman—makes headlines with greater regularity than distance-runner Gordon Pirie,” wrote Denzil Batchelor in 1955 (World Sports, Oct. 1955). His outspokenness grew out of his courage and intensity. These qualities enabled him to continue Zatopek’s quest to find the limits of human endurance.   


Anthony Ward 23rd December 2022

I ran the 9th leg, the longest stage at 6mls 208yds, in the 1960 London to Brighton National Road Relay for Mcr&District LCH. There were coaches for the runners of each leg to travel on and Gordon Pirie and Bruce Tulloh were both running the same stage. Everybody knew them but nobody knew me as I had never run in a 'big race' before. Pirie came and sat with me at one stage. Asked about me, asked about my training, suggested improvements. After the race he shook my hand and said 'Well done'!

Chris Owen 10th August 2021

Gordon Pirie was big for me on account of his book The Challenge of Orienteering. I was just getting into the sport as a twelve-year-old when I picked this book up, putting back the steam engines book that I had selected to spend my school Latin prize book token on. Forever changed!

ALAN ESTRADA 23rd June 2021

In 1984, as the L.A. Olympic Games were coming, Gordon saw me out running and asked if he could train me. I lived with Gordon and a sub-4 min. miler for 3 months that summer. All we did was train continuously, eat, sleep and digest what was going on with runners on TV. Sometimes we would run thrice in a day. We loved to run. At that time, I had no clue who he was. He was mild mannered, but when he’d call out our splits at the 2, 4 and 6, he was into it. He made me a better runner and I miss him.

Adrian 21st August 2020

True legend . He trained in the London smogs which were full of sulphuric acid due to the coal fires everyone had in the 1950s and nearly died of pneumonia

Patrick Thurbin 9th April 2020

I ran the 4th leg on the london to brighton road relay in 1956. My team, surrey athletic were in the lead and after about a mile Gordon caught me up and suggested that we paced each other by running together as Ken Norris was close behind in 3rd place. After another mile I had had it and Gordon wished me well as he went ahead. A true athlete and gentleman.

Brenda Bonnage 17th February 2020

I won a Gordon Pirie scholarship at 15 (1964) but unfortunately due to circumstances unable to accept it. I wonder how many others benefitted from one. Brenda

Nick 20th August 2019

Gordon Pirie's one of my running idols who inspired me to take up running. Gordon was one of the 'true' characters of running along with Dave Bedford, Steve Ovett, Ron Hill, Henry Romo and Yiannis Kouros.

Bruce Aubrey 7th June 2018

Found memories of Gordon. I trained under him for a couple of years in Auckland. Not only a coach but a friend to his athletes under him. A quick witted fun guy we ran sand dunes occasionally and sneaked under the gate at Mt Smart stadium after it was closed to train. Considered out spoken but only because of his passion. Fin memories and sadly missed

bob bardot 21st February 2018

I was born at No.24 Meadway in South Coulsdon, Surrey, England - just up the hill from Gordon's house at No.7. I used to see him coming out of High School at night on my way home from Primary School dressed in his running gear ready to run up and along Farthing Downs. He was my inspiration as I went on win school cross-country races and remember listening to the famous Kuts battle in Melbourne on battery radio with headphones.Sad to hear of his later years in relative obscurity - I journeyed back from my home in B.C. Canada to Meadway in 2000 to visit both homes but could not find any informatio - no google back then! Bob Bardot

Aidan Johnson 24th June 2017

He was great but no Zatopek

Grahame Craven 11th May 2015

I had the pleasure of a lunch time run at the track in Battersea London in 1961 with Gordon. It was at the time he was either still running in the Spanish bullrings or had just finished. He maintained that the two Spanish runners had one long shorter than the other and could navigate the sharp corners of the bullring better than himself.....he said it with a smile on his face so I am not sure if he was fooling or serious. He went on to give me a few tips on running. Thanks Gordon ....great memories

Colin Poulton 9th November 2014

I watched him in the 1950's as an 11yr old who loved cross-country running and he was my first sporting hero.

Tom Bircham 29th May 2014

Gordon "Puffing" Pirie was indeed a great competitive runner, who has influenced many runners including me. Especially running on the balls of the feet instead of landing on the heels, thus reducing the shock of impact to the joints in the entire system.The calf muscle can cushion the shock by way of the Achilles tendon. The only other primate to my knowledge that achieves this effect is a type of Lemur that can bounce along on the island of Madagasgar. I am 75 and still running for exercise without joint injury in Vancouver.

Deirdre Lewis 4th May 2014

I never knew him,but knew of him.As a youngster my Father took me to see him run at the White City Stadium,I was exited to see this hero and no doubt he is still running but only in 'my mind's eye'

Mel Williams 23rd March 2014

I never knew Gordon Pirie unfortunately, but have read his book running fast and injury free. I found his running technique very unique and effective. I am a student of his running system and are realizing great benefits from him. My only regret is that he passed so early and INJURY didn't get the opportunity to meet and probably run with him. I have found his book invaluable and will continue to be a student of his technique. May his soul RIP and light perpetual shine on him. "Gordon Pirie, I salute you sir"

Geoff Pace 19th October 2013

I knew Gordon in the period 1974-1976, We worked together. I noted a comment somewhere that he was a heavy smoker. Not the Gordon I worked alongside. He was a health food fanatic and still keen on keeping fit. A difficult person to get to know, but pleasant enough none the less. A great sense of humour and with an appreciation (albeit harmless) of the ladies. My wife and I attended one or two parties that Gordon held in Auckland. He fell over during one of these and complained that he had 'broken his hand' and could not straighten out his fingers. I asked him to place his hand on a table top and then I gave it a good thump. A few days later Gordon said that his hand had been broken and that my humour was NOT appreciated on this occasion. An opinionated person he was. A good guy irrespective of that.

Chris Owen 17th August 2013

My first knowledge of Gordon Pirie was as a 12-year-old, spending a school prize book token on Gordon Pirie's book on orienteering. This was in the late '60s and he was commending orienteering very highly as a break from 'the regimes of athletics'. I had no idea how extreme those regimes had been for him, but I was completely smitten by the book and took orienteering on in a big way.

Frank Taylor 15th August 2012

I met Gordon on the train to Manchester for the UAU championships in (I think) 1957 and found him a very pleasant guy. Some 30 years later I met him again at a Masters event and gathered that he had been made very ill down under somewhere by pesticides. Does anybody have any information regarding this?

amir hamzah 28th July 2012

I admired him and sad to hear oass away

Charlie Capozzoli 29th April 2011

Yes, Gordon was great and very devoted to running. I know that he worked very hard at it; the only way tobecome a champion. We ran in the same trial heat, 5,000 meters, in the 52 games in Helsinki, Finland. He made the final; I didn\'t. Two weeks later, in the British Empire Games, I was fortunate to beat him in the three mile run at White City Stadium. We both were 21 at the time. We became good friends, but never crossed paths again. I feel very sad in knowing that he passed away at such an early age. 60 is young. I\'ll be 80 this coming June, Good Lord Willing. I tried to encourage him to come to Georgetown University on a athletic scholarship, but don\'t know why he didn\'t. We would have set the world on fire, and given Zatopeck a \"run\" for his money (little joke). We were amateurs in those days and couldn\'t accept a penny; such a shame, but we did it for the glory of the sport and the country we represented. May Gordon rest in peace; no more killing himself with those agonizing workouts, etc. He has won his \'final race of life.\" His friend and competitor, Charlie Capozzoli, Author \"Run to Win\" \"A Love Story, Patrrick and Shannon\" \"If Only I Had Known\" Website:

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